The Fulani are one of the most populous
ethnic groups in West Africa and are said to be present in twenty
countries stretching from Senegal in the West to Chad in the east, and
even as far as Sudan and Ethiopia. Known for travelling over great
distances with their herds of cattle, the Fulani are actually not all
nomads; a good fraction of the 7 million or more Fulanis who are found
in Nigeria live in permanent settlements.
They speak the Fulfulde language- although many have also taken up the
Hausa language, which is widely spoken in Northern Nigeria.
The Fulanis have left a mark on
Nigeria’s history; the Sokoto Caliphate, which contributed greatly to
the entrenchment of Islam in the north, was founded by Uthman Dan Fodio,
who was himself a Fulani. His success was due in large part to the
determination of the Fulani (in collaboration with Hausa commoners), to
overthrow what they saw as corrupt and oppressive rulers. However,
despite the well-documented role they played in shaping Nigeria’s
current cultural and religious reality, it is difficult to trace their
history further back than a point in the 11th century. But it is known that they had come into what is now Nigeria from the region further to the northwest, and gradually made their presence felt from around the 16th century.
January is cervical cancer awareness month, and this week is cervical cancer prevention week (22nd – 28th
January 2017) but for a cancer that kills more women than any other
cancer except breast cancer, awareness is still low. Whether you have a
cervix or you have loved ones who do, here are 10 things you should know
about cervical cancer.
Hello readers, so we at T.I.N Magazine are officially back for the year and powered by PlayData we are going to be presenting you with the Nigeria music charts every week, which includes; Data collected from radio airplays,digital downloads and YouTube views.
But premiering this week, we are only going to show you the airplays charts, which means the chart you are seeing below is a the chart of the 10 most played songs on radio stations across Nigeria last week.
Psychology attracts a lot of attention lately. Many people decide to devote their lives to dealing with human problems and relationships, and it is possible only if you study Psychology.
It may seem strange for some extent. Nevertheless, psychological knowledge is an attempt to dig deeper and figure out what is going on in humans’ brains and souls.
A good diet, though, is not simply knowing what to eat or drink – it’s also knowing when to eat and drink. For maximum benefits from water, it’s always good to drink it when you’re feeling a bit hungry. Drinking water always has lots of benefits, however. It really doesn’t matter if you’re drinking it on a full or an empty stomach – you will always reap rewards. Let’s take a look at 10 fantastic benefits of drinking it on an empty stomach.
What would you do with $500 and a passion for tech and fashion?
Kelechi Anyadiegwu has an answer to this question: build a $2 million business. And she’s managed to do just that- in two years.
But it wasn’t always clear that the path Kelechi has taken would yield as much as it has. As a Nigerian in the United States, Kelechi had grown up with African wares and loved them as part of her heritage. She also remembers how her heart got stolen by the lures of technology after her father bought her a computer in the early 2000’s. Her interest narrowed in the years that followed, as she became more interested in the interaction of humans with technology, and how it affects the decisions they make. Anyadiegwu went on to bag a B.Sc in Media and Communication Technology from Michigan State University, and a Masters in Human-Computer Interaction from Carnegie Melon. However, it took two years and a journey through several job roles to discover that her passions could merge- and do so profitably.
Here are some of the signs and symptoms that may come with HIV infection:
If you have practiced unprotected $ex, watch out for fevers as a symptom of HIV. Early after being infected by HIV, you may experience flu like symptoms. This can include a low grade fever that does not respond to medication. You may experience night sweats as a response to the fever. The fever is an inflammatory reaction to the virus entering your blood stream.
2. Sore Throat:
Sore throat may be an early indicator of HIV infection. This may be an early symptom as the body reacts to the viral infection. It can also occur later in the disease as the infected individuals immune system becomes compromised. Sore throat may be caused by thrush in the mouth or esophagus, and ulcers. Chronic throat problems should be checked out by your family doctor.
3. Body Pain:
Sore muscles and joint pain are common symptoms of HIV infection that occur in the early flu like phase. This can be caused by the swollen lymph nodes, or from rheumatic illnesses. Rheumatic disease affects the muscles and joints of the body, causing inflammation. This disease can lead to arthritis, fibromyalgia, and vasculitis. Some HIV medications can also cause these symptoms.
A dry, persistent cough can be a long term symptom of HIV infection. This symptom is not typically cured with medications like antibiotics and cough suppressants. Coughing may be an early symptom as the body reacts to the new virus. It is also a long term symptom caused by the damaged immune system. The cough may develop into pneumonia, which can be a serious symptom with dangerous effects.
5. Swollen Lymph Nodes: Swollen lymph nodes may be a starting sign of HIV infection. 67% of HIV sufferers may experience some sort of lymph node swelling. This commonly occurs in the neck, under arms, and groin region. Lymph nodes are distributed all throughout the body so any abnormal swelling could be a symptom. Lymph nodes swell as the immune system is activated and the body fights off infection.
One of the first symptoms of the flu related symptoms of HIV is an unrelenting headache. The headaches may develop into chronic debilitating migraines. Migraines become chronic after affecting a person for 15 or more days per month. 50% of people infected with HIV will experience headaches as a symptom, while 27% will experience chronic migraines. This is compared to the general population, where only 2% of people suffer from chronic migraines.
7. Weight Loss: Weight loss in HIV infected individuals is common through the progression of the disease. When first infected, the flu like symptoms can cause nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. This can cause a temporary loss in weight. As the illness progresses, weight loss can be caused by a condition called “AIDS wasting”. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services categorize a person as having AIDS wasting when they have lost 10% or more of their body weight, and have experienced related weight loss symptoms for a period greater than 30 days.
8. Yeast Infection:
As HIV develops, the infected persons immune system becomes compromised. One of the starting symptoms of a failing immune system is bodily infections. Yeast infections are very common, and theyaffect more than just women. The cause of this infection is a fungus called Candida. It can affect the body in different ways, such as vaginal yeast infections, thrush, intestinal infections, and more. Getting rid of these infections may prove futile until HIV medication is in place.
Fatigue associated with HIV may be the most under-reported symptom. Many people suffer fromchronic fatigue but do not realize it is a medical condition. Chronic fatigue is tiredness that cannot be alleviated with rest. Fatigue is first reported in the flu like symptoms that accompany the early stages of HIV. Once this phase is complete, fatigue may not appear until AIDS develops.