If you have a compound large enough to take a large plant or more, it
would be both interesting and rewarding to cultivate fruit trees. In
addition to the satisfaction of harvesting your own fruits, these trees
confer their characteristic smell on the environment. They purify the
air thereby creating an ambience that nature lovers would love to
identify themselves with.
Trees propagate through various means.
Some trees tend to take a longer time before they produce fruits when
propagated via seeds. Their fruits are not true to seed which means
that they may not have the same taste or size as the parent plants.
Trees can also grow asexually by methods such as grafting in which
budding stems/branches attach to root stocks. This method is preferred
because the trees take a shorter period to produce fruits, the fruits
are more resistant to diseases, and the characteristic of the fruits
(sweetness, size, etc.) is determined, unlike planting via seeds.
cashew, guava, the tropical almond (aka fruit tree), avocado, sour sop,
pear, and citrus trees have the benefit of propagation via grafting.
Grafting process involves bringing together two different parts from
different trees –the upper budding branch known as the scion and the
lower part known as the root stock. The Scion has the genes and
determines the variety of the plant. Hence, plants which carry desired
properties in the fruits, flowers, leaves, and stem are selected. The
root stock determines how well the tree can adapt to soil and climatic
conditions. You can buy these plants from a nursery and transplant them
to your garden. This would reduce the process. Trees bought from a
reputable nursery will do well and begin to fruit at their given time,
some hybrids taking as short as 1 to 2 years if they are properly taken
On the other hand, fruit trees like pawpaw and coconut
cannot be planted by grafting. The pawpaw is planted by seeds. In
contrast to trees listed above, which take 6 to 10 years before they
start fruiting. Pawpaw starts producing fruits from 6 to 10 months when
planted via seeds. However, the trees do not live long and are cut down
after about 2 to 3 years by which time they have become weak. The
coconut is grown by planting the fruit inclusive of the husk. They
sprout in about 9 months and take 6 to 10 years before they start to
Other fruits like bananas and pineapples are not
formed on trees. Cultivating them might be more labour intensive and
would need year-round care. Unlike when you have a tree and can choose
to take a back seat while you wait to enjoy its fruit. Notwithstanding,
they are fun to try if you have the time and labour.
In all, creating your own fruit garden solely for benefits or as a favourite pastime is well worth the time.